Articles

Exclusive access could not be obtained because the database is in use.

In Uncategorized on 2014/08/27 by phejndorf

The ability to restore a SQL Server database over and over can sometimes be handy in a test scenario, for instance when you need to test  a schema-update for autodeployment through DbUp/Octopus – or you otherwise need to have your database in a known state prior to testing.

However this is quite often blocked because the database is in use, resulting in the above message.

My solution to this is to script the restore to run in single user mode like so:

Code Snippet
  1. USE [master]
  2. ALTER DATABASE [BenchmarkDB] SET SINGLE_USER WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE
  3.   RESTORE DATABASE [BenchmarkDB] FROM  DISK = N'D:\BenchmarkDB.bak' WITH  FILE = 1,  MOVE N'BenchmarkDB_log' TO N'D:\Data\BenchmarkDB.ldf',  NOUNLOAD,  REPLACE,STATS = 5
  4. ALTER DATABASE [BenchmarkDB] SET MULTI_USER WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE
  5. GO

 

Update 2014-09-01:

To achieve the same in Management Studio then go to Options and check this box:

image

To check whether your database got correctly reset to Multiuser Mode, go to Database Properties > Options, and look at the “State” subgroup, “Restrict Access” item (you’ll need to scroll down to the bottom of the list to see it):

image

Articles

Setting Execution Timeout in DbUp

In Uncategorized on 2014/07/02 by phejndorf

DbUp is a nice open source project that allows you to deploy Sql-scripts via a .Net  executable, thus enabling deployment via a pipeline like Octopus Deploy. DbUp tracks which scripts have already been run on your database so you don’t have to worry about double-updates to your database.

The basic problems with idempotency and databases remain of course, but that is a completely different story and you still have to manage that.

DbUp has a nice fluent interface, but doing programmatic configuration unfortunately rather breaks that. It took me a while to figure out so here is how I managed to change the excution timeout in my DbUp deployment C# program for a long running script.

First use DeploymentChanges.To.SqlDatabase(connectionstring).WithScriptsEmbeddedInAssembly( … ) to create a variable which is an UpgradeEngineBuilder.

Then invoke the Configuration callback action on the UpgradeEngineBuilder like so:

upgradeEngineBuilder.Configure(c =>
{
    c.ScriptExecutor.ExecutionTimeoutSeconds = 30 * 60; // 30 minutes in seconds
    Console.WriteLine("Configure ExecutionTimeoutSeconds to " + c.ScriptExecutor.ExecutionTimeoutSeconds);
});

After that you can use the fluent interface again to invoke the Sql-script:

var upgradeEngine = upgradeEngineBuilder.LogToConsole().Build();

var result = upgradeEngine.PerformUpgrade();

Articles

Windows 8 RDP – Your credentials did not work

In Uncategorized on 2014/02/19 by phejndorf

This is a very annoying thing to encounter when connecting to a Remote Desktop on a machine in the network. That green bar just goes round and round for ages! I don’t know why this happens – in my case it is a machine in another domain that I log in to:

image

Let us say that this machine resides on IP address 10.20.30.40, then the following Powershell snippet will fix your woes:

Code Snippet
  1. Set-ItemProperty -Path 'HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers\10.20.30.40' -Name UsernameHint -Value ''
  2. mstsc.exe /v:10.20.30.40

There are other ways to go about this, such as the REG command in a batch-file, but these days doing .bat files is just soooo old school :)

Articles

Referencing another database in SSDT – error SQL71561

In Uncategorized on 2014/01/22 by phejndorf

If you have SQL Server database project in Visual Studio that needs to reference another database, ie a View containing a 3 level reference like [OEDB].[dbo].[Inventory], you need to reference the other database by right-clicking “References” and choosing “Add Database Reference”.

This brings up this screen:

image

Near the bottom is something called “Database variable”. If this is filled (which is the default) all references to that database in the imported SQL must go via the variable, as can be seen from the example just below [$(oedb)].[Schema1].[Table1] the “Database variable” field.

If you fail to correct occurrences in your SQL from [DatabaseName] to [$(DatabaseName)] you will probably experience an error list with hundreds of SQL71561 errors like this:

SQL71561: View: [dbo].[qryCreateYMD] contains an unresolved reference to an object. Either the object does not exist or the reference is ambiguous because it could refer to any of the following objects: [OEDB].[dbo].[Inventory].[Id], [OEDB].[dbo].[Inventory].[OEDB]::[dbo].[Inventory].[Id] or [OEDB].[dbo].[Inventory].[OEDB]::[dbo].[Inventory].[Id]

In my mind this wasn’t really the expected behavior, but what you can do to just use the references you have without changing your views, is to simply clear out the “Database variable” field:

image

As can be seen from the Example usage, references wil now work as expected…

This is basically what is explained here (when I finally found the explanation), but I wanted to add the screenshots of how this works.

Articles

Enable .Net 4.5 in IIS on Windows 8.1

In Uncategorized on 2014/01/10 by phejndorf

Setting up a new development box for myself I had forgotten all about the necessity to use the aspnet_regiis.exe –i  command. The information is fairly easily available, but with this post I’d like to cut away the fat and stick to a very easy how-to.

On my Windows 8.1 aspnet_regiis resulted in this message:

Microsoft (R) ASP.NET RegIIS version 4.0.30319.33440
Administration utility to install and uninstall ASP.NET on the local machine.
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
Start installing ASP.NET (4.0.30319.33440).
This option is not supported on this version of the operating system.  Administrators should instead install/uninstall ASP.NET 4.5 with IIS8 using the "Turn Windows Features On/Off" dialog,  the Server Manager management tool, or the dism.exe command line tool.  For more details please see
http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=216771.
Finished installing ASP.NET (4.0.30319.33440).

Googling around a bit more turned up this link that explains how to go to the Windows Features (via appwiz.cpl) to activate .Net 4.5 on IIS:

image

Or to run this from an administrative prompt:

dism /online /enable-feature /all /featurename:IIS-ASPNET45

Please note the /all parameter which is not mentioned in the KB article, but necessary to automatically include all the necessary components.

UPDATE:

In order to get my webservices running I have spent more hours on struggling with the IIS beast. It appears that (according to this) you have to have to switch on yet another feature:

image

Or, if you want to automate all this, more dism commands:

dism /online /enable-Feature /all /FeatureName:WCF-HTTP-Activation

dism /online /enable-Feature /all /FeatureName:WCF-HTTP-Activation45

Articles

Executing T-SQL against all databases on a server.

In Uncategorized on 2013/12/18 by phejndorf

I have occasionally found it convenient to execute a command against all the databases on a server, such as ensuring that all the databases on my test-server have RECOVERY MODE set to SIMPLE, and performing a SHRINK operation to reclaim space on the disk for each of them. Googling this problem there were quite a lot of samples like this, but here is what worked for me:

DECLARE @dbname char(50) 
DECLARE c1 CURSOR READ_ONLY FOR 
    SELECT name 
    FROM sys.databases
    WHERE name NOT IN ('master', 'tempdb', 'model', 'msdb')

OPEN c1 
FETCH NEXT FROM c1 INTO @dbname 

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 
BEGIN 
    PRINT 'Opdaterer ' + @dbname
    EXEC('ALTER DATABASE ' + @dbname + 'SET RECOVERY SIMPLE;');
    EXEC('DBCC SHRINKDATABASE(N'''+ @dbname + ''');');
    FETCH NEXT FROM c1 INTO @dbname;
END 
CLOSE c1 DEALLOCATE c1 

 

This is of course very easy to modify for other purposes. Some posts warned against bad performance on cursors, but this isn’t really an issue in this scenario.

Articles

Sql Server 2012 – The provider ‘SQLNCLI10′ is not registered.

In SQL on 2013/09/03 by phejndorf

I have a newly installed Sql Server 2012 set up for testing a Self Service BI concept. This means that the server is running a SQL relational instance and an Analysis Server Tabular instance. Today I added a new Analysis Server instance for running our old OLAP cube for good measure (literally) as well.

To my surprise trying to process the OLAP cube resulted in the above error. Apparently OLAP-mode is still based on the old native ADO provider from 2008R2 – but this doesn’t seem to get installed automatically…

The article here by André Van de Graaf has some information on handling this error in Excel/PowerPivot 2010, and on the Microsoft Office Project Support Weblog a guy named Martin Smith had an article – the link is now dead, so I used Google cache –  the title of which was “New SQL Server–and some different cube building errors”, that also discusses the problem.

The solution, as far as I could work out, was to download and install the 2008R2 provider – the link to the the x64 version is here courtesy of the above mentioned posts.

It’s hard to tell if this is a general problem with SQL Server Analysis Services 2012 or just my particular configuration. It seemed odd that so little information was google’able, but in any case installing the old provider is a way to circumvent the issue that works for me so it might be for you too.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.